Types of Solar Panels and their features
There are different Types of Solar Panels available in the with their different features, like power rating, efficiencies and related information, which could make buying or choosing the kind of solar panel. Let’s talk about the Types of Solar Panels.
There are three different Types of Solar Panels in the market.
- Mono-crystalline silicon solar panels
- Poly-crystalline silicon solar panels
- Thin-film solar panels.
What is Mono-Crystalline Silicon Solar panel?
According to Wikipedia, Mono-crystalline silicon is the base material for silicon chips used in virtually all electronic equipment today. Mono-Si also serves as a photovoltaic, light-absorbing material in the manufacture of solar cells.
Monocrystalline solar panels are 1st generation solar technology and have been around a long time, providing evidence of their durability and longevity.
What is Poly-crystalline silicon solar panels?
A polycrystalline PV cell is made in much the same way as the monocrystalline PV cell except the wáter is cut from a block of silicon crystal made up of many crystals.
A Polycrystalline Panel will be slightly less efficient and slightly cheaper to buy then monocrystalline, however, its temperature coefficient is better than that of the monocrystalline.
What is Thin-film solar panels?
Thin-film solar panels are made with solar cells that have light absorbing layers about 350 times smaller than that of a standard silicon panel. Because of their narrow design and the efficient semi-conductor built into their cells, thin film solar cells are the lightest PV cell you can find while still maintaining strong durability.
The different types of thin-film solar panels can be categorized by which photovoltaic material is deposited onto the substrate:
- Amorphous silicon (a-Si)
- Cadmium telluride (CdTe)
- Copper indium gallium selenide (CIS/CIGS)
- Organic photovoltaic cells (OPC)