Indian Bio-Fuels proposed through a temporary biological process for better present and future
With the increase in development and economy and population, the demand for fuels is also rising. To meet the demand for fuel, scientists discovered many other techniques to generate the fuel and once this discovery is of Bio-fuels. A Bio-fuel is proposed through a temporary biological process such as agriculture and un-aerobic digestion. Bio-fuels can be derived directly from plants or indirectly from agricultural, commercial, domestic and industrial waste. The biomass can be converted to convenient energy and can results in fuels in solids, liquid or gas forms. Indian Bio-Fuel proposed through a temporary biological process for better present and future. Let our future generation be safe.
Now let’s see some advantages of Bio-fuels. Bio-fuels have the potential to be significantly less expensive than gasoline and other fossil fuels. Bio-fuels are manufactured by wide range of materials including crop waste, manure, and other by-products.
Renewability- Bio-fuels are much more easily renewable. As new crops are grown, waste material is collected.
Security- Bio-fuels can be produced locally which decreases the nation’s dependency on foreign energy.
Economic stimulation- because Bio-fuels are produced locally, Bio-fuel manufacturing plants can employ hundreds of thousands of workers with new jobs.
Low Carbon content- and lastly, lower carbon content and fair toxins making them a safer alternative to reduce pollution.
Now let’s have a quick look at the top five Bio-fuel producing countries in the world. In the current scenario, the U.S. tops the list; Brazil holds the second position in the production of Bio-ethanol. China is currently the world’s third biggest natural producer of Bio-fuels. Bi-ethanol is currently produced on an industrial scale in several provinces. Bio-fuel development in India focuses mainly on the cultivation and processing of Jatropha plant seeds which are very rich in oil, about 40%. Earlier this plant was known as a poisonous weed but now is seen as a potential panacea for the globe’s energy crisis. Besides the food crops to survive, we also need fuel to run the pump that irrigates the fields and this plant offers the solution. Three kilograms of dried nuts from the plant once they are grounded and pressed will yield one litre of oil. Processing it into bio-diesel takes energy, the technology still needs fine-tuning and the economics of it all are a bit unclear but the end product has already had a market in India as a fuel additive, giving better mileage and fewer carbon emissions as well. Jatropha is being promoted in schools because the carbon dioxide it absorbs while growing effectively cancels out the gas produced when the bio-diesel is burned. The next generation is convinced that it could help save the planet. Still, this humble little plant is sparking a huge controversy as its seeds may offer one solution to the globe’s desperate search for energy but critics charge that encouraging farmers to grow fuel instead of food is creating another crisis. The farmers are worried that 11 million hectares of land now used for animal pasture for growing what India needs to survive are being converted to producing Jatropha instead. A government plan will result in food shortages and that still won’t quench the country’s growing thirst for energy. The national Bio-fuel policy in September 2008 aims to meet 20% of diesel demand with Bio-diesel.
The idea that we can run out of fossil fuels keep running cars on bio-fuels is the crazy idea that there isn’t enough land in India or the world. But advocates of Jatropha say that there is a middle path planting it only on the unused edges of the fields that grow food. Some growth perhaps in the income of small farmers is a way of boosting energy production in a country now prisoner to imported oil. India proposes to replace 10-20% of gasoline production with Bio-ethanol. In 2009, India and the U.S signed MoU on Bio-fuels & its implementation. The question is what the current government is taking initiatives to increase the productivity and promoting Bio-fuels. Hon’ble petroleum minister, Mr Pradhan answers on this that we will add about 175 gigabytes of renewable energy in the Indian market. It will be interesting to see in the coming days whether the initiatives which are announced will be implemented or remain on paper or will be termed as incomplete.